Prostatitis is a condition that occurs when the prostate becomes inflamed. The prostate is a small organ that aids in male reproduction and sits at the base of the bladder and wraps around the urethra. If inflamed, the prostate can cause a number of complications. The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey estimated 8 to 9 percent of males suffer from prostatitis. Prostatitis is categorized into four separate forms to more accurately diagnose the symptoms and course of treatment. Despite the form, the symptoms of prostatitis remain unchanged.
Forms of Prostatitis
Acute bacterial prostatitis is the least common form of this condition; however, it is easy to diagnose and effectively treat. Chronic bacterial prostatitis is considered to be very uncommon as well and is typically associated with an underlying condition. Generally, the underlying condition must be treated to cure this form of prostatitis. Chronic prostatitis, or chronic pelvic pain syndrome, is the most common form of prostatitis. Unfortunately, little remains known about this form. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis can occur as well.
Acute Bacterial Prostatitis
The symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis typically begin suddenly. Common symptoms of this from of prostatitis include a high fever and chills. Other symptoms associated with acute bacterial prostatitis include a general feeling of being ill, nausea and vomiting. If left untreated, acute bacterial prostatitis can progress to chronic bacterial prostatitis. Further complications include bacterial infection of the blood, epididymitis and a prostatic abscess.
Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
The same symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis are present with chronic bacterial prostatitis. Other symptoms associated with chronic bacterial prostatitis include frequent urinary tract infections. In between the infections a person may experience little or no symptoms of prostatitis.
Chronic prostatitis (chronic pelvic pain) causes the same symptoms as previously mentioned, with the exception the symptoms can last at least three months. Often, men experience cycles of this condition, where the symptoms may be severe for one cycle and mild during the next cycle. In some cases, the symptoms can improve overtime without any treatment . When left untreated, chronic prostatitis can lead to infertility and an overall poor quality for life.
Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis
It’s not uncommon for those with asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis to have no symptoms at all. In most cases, men are not aware they even have the condition until it is discovered by chance. This usually occurs as men undergo testing for unrelated medical conditions.
To determine the correct course of treatment, a physician will conduct a number of tests to diagnose which form of prostatitis is present. Common tests performed include an evaluation of the symptoms experienced. A digital rectal exam is often performed to examine the prostate. Urine and semen samples are collected as well. other tests often include a cystoscopy and urodynamic tests. Seek medical attention if you suspect prostatitis.
"Prostatitis Statistics" Prostate Health and Treatments
"Prostatitis Complications" MayoClinic
"Protatitis Symptoms" MayoClinic