Learn Bloodless Orthopedic Surgery and How to Prepare for Bloodless Orthopedic Surgery

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Bloodless Orthopedic Surgery

When it comes to orthopedic surgery, you might feel less enthusiast if you think of more bleeding in the operating room. Some programs of surgery have been attempted to avoid the need for blood transfusion and reduce blood loss during and after surgery. Bloodless orthopedic surgery does not simply mean surgery without the use of blood, nor does it refer to condition in which you do not bleed during surgery. The popular program to perform orthopedic surgery is bloodless orthopedic surgery, which includes knee and hip replacement, hand surgery, and orthopedic trauma.

Benefits of Bloodless Orthopedic Surgery

In addition to minimizing blood loss during and after surgery, bloodless orthopedic surgery can prevent you from being exposed to infections and viruses. With that said, you will be more likely to recuperate faster after surgery. It also offers faster healing time for wounds and enhanced patient outcomes. Bloodless orthopedic surgery will allow you to avoid the risk of contracting HIV, hepatitis, and other viral infections. For some religious reasons, this method gives the best solution for anyone who declines blood transfusions.

How to Prepare for Bloodless Orthopedic Surgery

If you want to undergo bloodless orthopedic surgery, you are allowed to choose several bloodless methods.

Epoetin alfa

Epoetin alfa refers to a naturally occurring growth factor that helps the bone promote and create more red blood cells. If you have anemia (a lack of red blood cells in the body), you can use epoetin alfa injections to build the blood count before surgery. When your hemoglobin is less than thirteen, you are better off taking epoetin alfa injections. Epoetin alfa can prevent you from becoming anemic and minimize blood transfusions. Consult with your physician for more details.

Acute Normovolemic Hemodilution (ANH)

ANH is a way to keep your own blood safe. This method enables you to use your own blood before surgery is performed. Your physician will collect an amount of your blood under monitored conditions. Then fluids known as plasma expanders are added to enhance the blood volume, which leads to dilution of blood. It is performed to anticipate if you lose fluid during surgery, then the solution might be lost instead of the red blood cells. When surgery has been performed and your bleeding has stopped, you will be transfused with your own blood collected before surgery. ANH can make the blood survive to carry oxygen.

Techniques Applied to Bloodless Orthopedic Surgery

Orthopedic surgery might result in more bleeding. Therefore, surgeons have applied some techniques to minimize further blood loss in knees and hips.

Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS)

Surgeons will perform smaller incision that can reduce blood loss by making a mere three-inch incision instead of performing a 12-inch incision with specialized instruments. This surgery will decrease risk of trauma in the body. The MIS procedure will surely replace traditional surgery that requires the need for blood transfusions.

Hypotensive Anesthesia and Regional Anesthesia

Surgeons might apply some other techniques that can be applied to bloodless orthopedic surgery including hypotensive anesthesia and regional anesthesia. Hypotensive anesthesia helps lower blood pressure during surgery, while regional anesthesia may minimize blood loss as well. Surgeons might apply epidural catheters after surgery to help reduce blood pressure, making you recover quickly.

Resources

Penn Medicine: Bloodless Medicine and Surgery - https://www.pennmedicine.org/bloodless/newsletter/fall04/profile.html

Penn Medicine: Bloodless Medicine and Surgery - https://www.pennmedicine.org/bloodless/newsletter/fall04/hip.html

Baptist Health System: Bloodless Surgery - https://www.baptisthealthsystem.com/services_surgery_treatments_bloodless.aspx

Center for Bloodless Medicine and Surgery: Bloodless Orthopaedic Surgery: A Doctor’s Perspective - https://www.bloodlessmedicine.org/archive/doctors-perspective/bloodless-orthopaedic-surgery.php

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