Calcium is an integral component of body muscles, nervous system, bones and teeth. Therefore, it is important to maintain the calcium percentage in our body. It makes up to 1.5 to 2 per cent body weight of the human adult. When you don’t meet the calcium requirement, you will lose it from your bones in order to balance and to maintain the overall pH.
In order to strengthen our body bones, muscles and teeth – calcium intake is must. And the best sources of calcium are milk and milk products such as cheese, yogurt, etc. The vegetable sources include: peas, beans, soybeans, lentils, fresh leafy vegetables, eggs, and fish. It is important to note that Vitamin D is essential for the absorption of calcium to the bloodstream. Therefore, you also need to add Vitamin D in your diet to facilitate calcium absorption in the body.
The levels of calcium in the body are also important as it helps produce enzymes and hormones necessary for releasing energy. Moreover, calcium plays a crucial role in maintaining body metabolism and digestion. Calcium also helps communicate, stimulate blood clotting and muscle contraction. The element is essential for children and youngsters in their body growth. However, women during pregnancy require more calcium rich diet as during nursing period, they lose the element to their baby.
Calcium deficiency and its outcome:
When you are not taking calcium rich diet, calcium is drained from the body bones to the bloodstream and as a result your bones become weaker and brittle. In the long run, this deficiency can lead to various problems such as osteoporosis, hypertension or high BP, insomnia, premenstrual cramping among others. Calcium absorption is also influenced by magnesium and vitamin D.
It is therefore, important to maintain the proper supply of calcium in the body plus other minerals that affect its absorption. While calcium deficiency has negative effect on the body, too much calcium can also have an adverse effect. For example, too much calcium depresses the nervous system and as a consequence, you become sluggish and also face problems such as constipation and appetite loss.
In order to maintain calcium levels in the body, calcium supplements can be taken which are accessible in the form of capsules. These supplements are available in two forms: calcium carbonate and calcium citrate. However, you need to consult your health professionals before taking such capsules.