Being able to spot the early symptoms diabetes type 2 is important for the early detection of the disease. Type 2 diabetes is a condition where the body does not respond properly to insulin or does not produce enough to regulate the body’s blood sugar levels. Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas that allows the glucose in the bloodstream to be absorbed by the body’s cells providing it with the energy it needs. When left untreated, type 2 diabetes can cause serious health complications, some of which can be fatal. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include, excessive weight and obesity, family history of the disease and lack of physical activity.
Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition where excessive levels of glucose, or sugar, are present in the bloodstream. This happens since the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin, or because the cells in the body have become resistant to it. While there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, it can be prevented and managed by eating a healthy diet, doing regular exercises and maintaining an ideal weight. When a person with type 2 diabetes fails to do these, oral medications or insulin shots may be necessary in order to control the blood sugar levels.
Unlike type 1 diabetes, the onset of type 2 diabetes can be very slow.it is not uncommon for people to develop type 2 diabetes and not display symptoms for months or even years. That is why it is important to understand the risk factors for the disease and get tested early.
One of the most common symptoms of type 2 diabetes is frequent urination and extreme thirst. The kidneys are not able to filter the excessive amounts of blood sugar, so glucose may also be present in the urine of most patients with diabetes.
Extreme hunger coupled with unexplained weight loss is another early symptom of the disease. Since the body is not using insulin properly to allow blood sugar to provide it with energy, the body converts stored fat and muscle into energy. The brain signals the body that it needs to replenish the fat supplies causing hunger, but then the new fat stores are also converted to energy.
People with type 2 diabetes also often experience fatigue, since the body is not being provided with the energy that it needs from the blood glucose.
Too much sugar in the body can also result in blurred vision, since fluid may be pulled from the eye lenses, adversely affecting the eyesight. Early symptoms diabetes type 2 also include sores that are slow to heal, susceptibility to yeast infection, and itchy skin.
When these symptoms are present, it is best to seek medical consultation and get evaluated for early detection and management of diabetes.
WebMD: Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
NetDoctor: Type 2 Diabetes