Oppositional Defiant Disorder Overview
It is estimated that up to 16% of school age kids and teenagers have oppositional defiant disorder (ODD).
ODD is characterized by a child being defiant, uncooperative and aggressive towards adults and other authority figures. Children may show signs of defiance especially when stressed, tired, or hungry. This type of behavior among kids is generally normal in toddlers and even in teenagers. But such behavior becomes a serious issue when it becomes very frequent and does not appear normal for a child especially when compared to other children of the same age. And it is also abnormal for them to exhibit such symptoms for a significant stretch of time, such as those lasting for six months as this can have a lot of negative effects on the child. It is thus, important for parents, teachers and other people concerned to be aware of the description of behaviors of a person with oppositional defiant disorder so they can get help and the child be given appropriate therapy.
There are several tell-tale signs that a child has ODD. These symptoms should be evident in a child for at least six months for him to be considered as having ODD.
A child who frequently has temper tantrums may have ODD. Excessive arguing with adults is another symptom of the condition. These children often have trouble accepting authority figures and would often question rules set by adults like their parents and teachers. As a result, these children would show defiance, and refuse to follow rules and requests set by authority figures.
Children with ODD may also deliberately attempt to upset other people as their way of defying those who have authority over them. They have problems in accepting their mistakes, often blaming others for their misbehavior. Children with ODD are always angry, resentful and mean, and they often raise their voices when upset. They are likewise spiteful and may want to extract revenge on adults and their peers.
These symptoms are usually noticeable at home and in school.
How it Affects Family and School Life
Children with ODD often clash with their parents. Their hostile and aggressive behavior can strain their relationships with them and may disrupt peace at home. Parents of children with ODD often find it difficult to discipline their children, who frequently will not take “no” for an answer. These children may also refuse to do their school tasks or perform their house duties even if their parents plead them to do these tasks. Parents, at times, will have to micromanage their children with ODD, having to motivate their kids into doing routine tasks like waking up early and going to school.
Parents may be summoned when their child manifest with behaviors similar to the description of behaviors of a person with oppositional defiant disorder in school. Their child is often said to be very pesky in school and make things difficult for their teachers and peers. They always run into trouble, from refusing to follow their teacher’s instructions to getting into fights with their peers. Children with ODD also never admit their shortcomings. Instead, they often blame other people for their mistakes. It is thus a common scenario for these children to be unpopular among their peers.
Mayo Clinic: Oppositional Defiant Disorder
aacap.org: Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder