Pregnant women need all of the essential vitamins they can get during pregnancy. Eating a balanced diet is the best way to get all of the essential vitamins for a healthy pregnancy, but this can be difficult to do. Many pregnant women lose their taste for certain foods, experience a decreased appetite, are unable to eat breakfast or experience morning sickness. These things can make it difficult to eat enough to get all of the essential vitamins for a healthy pregnancy.
List of Vitamins for Pregnancy
Following is a list of vitamins for pregnancy that may be considered when deciding which nutrients are important to take as the fetus develops.
Vitamin A and Beta-Carotene
Vitamin A and beta-carotene are both essential vitamins for a healthy pregnancy. These vitamins help to promote healthy teeth and bone growth and pregnant women should be getting 700 micrograms daily. They can choose to take a supplement or eat plenty of foods rich with these vitamins. Some foods rich in these vitamins include milk, carrots, broccoli, eggs, liver, pumpkin, yellow and green vegetables, potatoes, cantaloupe and yellow fruits.
Vitamin D is an essential vitamin for a healthy pregnancy. It promotes strong bones and teeth and assists the body in using phosphorus and calcium. Pregnant women should be getting five micrograms a day from a supplement or from food. Vitamin D rich foods include fatty fish and milk. They can also get vitamin D from spending a little time in the sun.
Vitamin E is an essential vitamin for a healthy pregnancy. It promotes healthy muscles and assists the body in forming and using red blood cells. Pregnant women should be getting fifteen milligrams a day from a supplement or food. Vitamin E rich foods include fortified cereals, vegetable oil, spinach, nuts and wheat germ.
Vitamin C is an essential vitamin for a healthy pregnancy. This vitamin is an antioxidant that helps to build and promote a healthy immune system, it helps the body to absorb iron and it helps to protect the tissues in the body from becoming damaged. Pregnant women need 80-85 milligrams a day from a supplement or food. Vitamin C rich foods include tomatoes, citrus fruits, broccoli, bell peppers, potatoes, green beans, papaya and strawberries.
The B vitamins are essential vitamins for a healthy pregnancy include vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3 and vitamin B6. Pregnant women need 1.4 milligrams of vitamin B1 daily, 1.4 milligrams of vitamin B2 daily, 18 milligrams of vitamin B3 daily and 1.9 milligrams of vitamin B6 daily. They can get these with supplements or through food. Vitamin B rich foods include fortified cereals, eggs, whole grains, fish, meats, nuts and certain dairy products.
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This post is part of the series: Pregnancy Nutrition
- What Are the Best Foods to Eat During Pregnancy?
- Getting Enough Calcium During Pregnancy
- Essential Vitamins for a Healthy Pregnancy
- Diet During Pregnancy: Consequences of a Poor Diet
- What Vitamins are Needed During Pregnancy?
- Nutrition During Pregnancy – A Healthy Diet
- Pregnancy Food Guide: What to Eat and What Not to Eat
- Healthy Weight Gain Tips for Pregnancy
- Eating Iron-Rich Foods During Pregnancy
- How to Avoid Gaining Too Much Weight During Pregnancy