Diabetes is a medical condition where the body either produces an insufficient supply of insulin or is unable to utilize insulin efficiently. Insulin is a hormone that helps convert carbohydrates into energy to fuel the body. Without insulin, sugar levels skyrocket which may lead to other health problems such as blindness, heart disease, neuropathy, limb amputations, kidney failures and stroke. There is no cure for diabetes, but it can be managed by avoiding bad foods for diabetes, participating in a regular regimen of physical activity and possibly medication.
To know more about proper diabetes diet plan, please see Planning a Weekly Diabetic Menu.
Bad Foods for Diabetes
White rice is already stripped of their fiber, magnesium and other nutrients. The process of turning the rice white increases the end-products’ glycemic index, resulting in spikes in blood sugar after consuming it. As reported by the Scientific American website, eating of brown rice instead of white can lower the risk of type II diabetes by 16 percent and eating of barley or whole wheat instead of white rice can lower the risk by 36 percent.
White pasta uses regular flour that has been processed and stripped of its fiber and other nutrients. This favorite has a high glycemic index. Instead of going for white pasta, choose protein-enriched or whole wheat pasta.
White flour contains alloxan, a chemical that destroys the beta cell of the pancreas, which can have a harmful affect on patients with type 2 diabetes. Alloxan induces uric acid, which destroys the pancreas’ beta cells’ DNA. As a result, the beta cell may function abnormally after a time and cease adequate insulin secretion. Alloxan is the common cause for the early onset of type 2 diabetes in adults.
White Sugar is also called sucrose, which is a chemically processed food product. The problem with white sugar is that when it gets into the body, it is quickly absorbed and flows into the blood stream, which causes high blood glucose level (hyperglycemia). White sugar can also lead to obesity, kidney stones, hypertension, candidaiasis, reduced immunity and menstrual disorders.
Fatty foods should not exceed more than 7 percent of calories, according to ADA (American Diabetes Association), since diabetics are at high risk of heart disease. High levels of trans-fat and saturated fats can increase the danger of diseases like stroke and heart related ailments. Reduce intake of egg yolks, whole milk and meat products. Instead, go for skinless chicken, seafood and lean meat. Stay away from foods that have high-hydrogenated oil content such as butter, oil and animal fat. Do not be scammed by products claiming zero-trans fats; this label is misleading, as it doesn’t mean that they are totally without trans-fats.
Caffeine such as tea and coffee can contains glucagons and adrenaline hormones that stimulate the release of the liver’s stored sugar that may result in elevated blood sugar levels. Limit caffeine intake to help maintain normal sugar levels. Opt for hot water with lemon instead of tea or coffee.
Alcohol should be avoided or strictly limited by diabetics. It can damage nerve cells and increase the numbness, pain, burning and tingling sensations that are symptoms of diabetic nerve damage. Especially to those who are suffering from eye disease and high blood pressure, alcohol can worsen the condition. It can also cause low blood sugar levels in diabetics, possibly leading to hypoglycemia. Consult your doctor about how much alcohol is allowed for your particular situation, and be sure to eat a snack and check your blood sugar level before you retire for the night to avoid complications while you sleep.
Whether suffering from diabetes or not, it pays to know the foods that are beneficial to the body and the foods to avoid. For people who suffer from diabetes mellitus, it is important to know the bad foods for diabetes that are directly related blood sugar elevation. Work on keeping your blood sugar level stable by eating enough good foods like whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Avoid sudden changes in blood sugar to prevent feeling sick and put off further damage the body.
This is not medical advice and is not meant to treat, diagnose, prescribe or cure any ailment. Check with your physician first before following any advice you have read on BrightHub.com. Consult your physician before you start, stop or change anything that has been previously prescribed to you.
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