Learn about the Causes of Body Joint Pain

Learn about the Causes of Body Joint Pain
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What is Joint Pain?

Joint pain or arthralgia is the uncomfortable sensation along with ache, soreness, and inflammation in a joint or some joints in your body. Injury and disease can result in the pain of the joint, making you reluctant to move some parts of your body. A joint is where two or more bones come together allowing them to move smoothly. Click on image to enlarge.

If you feel pain in your joints, the first step is to recognize the cause of the discomfort. Below are several causes of body joint pain:

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disorder leading to stiffness and pain in the joints of the hands and feet. This disease is an autoimmune disorder that happens when the immune system in the body destroys the adjacent tissues, resulting in pain, swelling, restricted range of motion, joint deformity, fatigue, and fever. In addition, the disorder affects any joint of the body in addition to attacking joints symmetrically.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is an inflammatory condition involving the breakdown of the cartilage and its surrounding tissues. Cartilage is the flexible tissue serving to support the joints in the bones. This disease affects the surfaces of your joint, making it difficult for the joint to glide normally. The bone beneath the cartilage gets stiff, and the cartilage becomes thin. These conditions result in unbearable pain. Osteoarthritis might affect the knees, hips, spine, hands, and feet.

Bursitis

Inflammation sometimes occurs around the joint instead of the joint itself. This condition is referred to as bursitis that results in pain, stiffness, tenderness, and discomfort in the joint in the event the bursa is inflamed. A bursa is a small fluid-filled sac that serves to reduce abrasion between the body’s tissues. Bursitis is commonly due to pressure, trauma, and movement in the elbows, shoulders, hips, and knees.

Gout

Gout is the oldest form of arthritis leading to stiff, hot, red, and swollen joints. It occurs when uric acid crystals accumulate in the joints, especially in the big toe. In addition, elbows, wrists, fingers, knees, heels, and ankles are also vulnerable. Severe pain can occur as the result of this disease. Several gout pain treatments are available to treat this disease such as vitamin C intake and omega-3 fatty acids.

Pseudogout

Pseudogout, also known as calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD), is a common form of arthritis in which excruciating joint pain, warmth, and swelling occur in one or more of your joints for a few days or weeks. This condition happens when crystals develop in the lubricating fluids in joint linings, resulting in inflammation and pain. Unlike gout, a salt forms the crystals instead of uric acid. The shoulders, wrists, elbows, ankles, and knees are several parts of body pseudogout may affect.

Aseptic Necrosis

Aseptic necrosis, also known as avascular necrosis or osteonecrosis, refers to a bone condition in which poor blood supply leads to bone death. This condition might deteriorate and allow the dead areas of bone to collapse. Aseptic necrosis is the result of impairment of blood vessels distributing oxygen to the bones and inflammation of the blood vessel wall.

Osteochondritis Dissecans

This disease is a joint disorder in which the bone and cartilage around the bone are deprived of blood supply. Osteochondritis dissecans affects primarily elbows and knees. It results from growth disturbances and recurrent injuries. Symptoms that might occur involve stiffness, pain, and limited range of motion.

Summary

Known as arthralgia, joint pain may result from some other diseases or disorders affecting your joints. In addition to severe pain, they can lead to swelling, fatigue, fever, joint deformity, and limited range of motion. Consult your health care providers once you suffer from the pain.

References

MayoClinic.com: Joint Pain - https://www.mayoclinic.com/health/joint-pain/MY00187/DSECTION=causes

MedicineNet.com: Causes of Joint Pain - https://www.medicinenet.com/joint_pain/symptoms.htm

Everydayhealth.com: Common Causes of Joint Pain - https://www.everydayhealth.com/arthritis/joint-pain-causes.aspx

Photo Credit

Image courtesy of the National Library of Medicine.