The use of prosthetics and bionics for humans dramatically increases the quality of life for people all over the world. Prosthetics involve artificial limbs and organs. Bionics are similar to prosthetics, but these mechanical parts are created to be as good as, or even better functioning, than a person's original limb or organ. Learn more about this fascinating field with insightful articles.
Did you know that amputee population of the United States alone is over half million people? Did you know that the term “prosthetics” does not only refer to the replacement of limbs. It can include different types of prosthetics – from dentures and gastric bands, to artificial breasts for women.
Prosthetic treatment has been here for a long time – the first artificial member found is dated about 2700 BC. Throughout the years, the technology used has improved immensely and present times advancement in prosthetic technology include micro-processors, robotics and even artificial intelligence.
In the past, when someone lost his eye, he would have to wear a patch to cover the damaged eye. However prosthetic eyes can restore the look of having a real eye. Advancements in bionic eyes have made it possible for blind patients to have partial eyesight.
Today’s manufacturers of robotic prosthetics have made great and advanced inroads into the concept of replacement limbs. In many instances, the latter have created them to an extent when they now not only look realistic, but can actually be made to react in a natural and lifelike fashion.
When the word “Prosthetic" comes to mind, one is under the impression that this wonder of artificial limbs only came into being in recent years. However this is not the case at all. The history of prosthetics began in about three thousand BC.
The goal of bone tissue engineering is to grow new bones, cartilage and teeth that are fully functional and have the ability to regenerate like natural healthy bone. Researchers are working on engineering bone that will replace and repair degenerated or injured bone.
Harvesting autologous cells to repair or replace organs is quickly becoming a reality. Scientists have already successfully used autologous cells for tissue engineering in the research field and in real patient settings.