There are many reasons for first trimester cramping and bleeding. Some of the causes are normal and harmless. In other cases, these symptoms may be indicators for a serious situation. It is important that these conditions never be ignored. Discuss these experiences with your gynecologist or obstetrician at your next appointment, or sooner if it would calm or fears or if you are experiencing very painful cramps or heavy bleeding.
Implantation Bleeding and Cramping
First trimester cramping and bleeding that occurs early on in the pregnancy can be the result of implantation. Implantation is the act which involves the embryo attaching to the wall of the uterus. Some women may experience light spotting and mild cramping during this time, while others may not experience a thing. Cramping and bleeding that is caused by implantation typically occurs within the first two weeks of pregnancy.
Threatened and Actual Miscarriages
A threatened miscarriage can bring on the same symptoms of a real miscarriage, particularly light cramping and bleeding. However, in this situation, the uterus and pregnancy are perfectly healthy. Once the symptoms stop, the woman will typically move on to have a normal pregnancy. Nevertheless, it is possible to end up with an actual miscarriage after having these signs. There is currently no way to prevent a threatened or real miscarriage.
Sexual intercourse can sometimes be the reason for first trimester bleeding and cramping. This is because the cervix tends to be more sensitive and easy to irritate during pregnancy, particularly in the first few weeks. If you experience cramping or bleeding following intercourse, you should stop the action until you are able to see a doctor again. This is to help avoid further irritation, and to make sure the cervix is not damaged.
Urinary Tract Infection
A pregnant woman is very susceptible to having at least one urinary tract infection during the nine months of pregnancy. This is likely due to the changes that affect the hormones. Common symptoms of a UTI include cramping, burning, or pain, or bleeding. These symptoms may occur only during urination or at various times throughout the day. It is imperative to see a doctor as soon as the signs of a UTI begin so that you can receive an antibiotic and treatment the problem before it becomes too uncomfortable.
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the embryo implants in an area other than the uterus. This commonly happens in one of the fallopian tubes. It is important that an ectopic pregnancy be diagnosed as soon as possible to avoid further complications. If not found quickly, the tube could rupture, leading to infertility or possibly death. Signs of an ectopic pregnancy include cramping and sharp pains that are felt low in the abdomen, and vaginal bleeding. Ectopic pregnancies are usually found no later than ten weeks into the pregnancy.