Pine Essential Oil: Facts, Properties and Uses

Pine Essential Oil: Facts, Properties and Uses
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About Pine Oil

Pine essential oil comes from different species of pine trees. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) is the most commonly used to extract the oil. Like many other essential oils, pine is produced through steam distillation—a process in which steam is forced through the plant material, vaporizing the chemicals into the steam. As the steam is cooled, it condenses into essential oils and hydrosols. Pine oil has a history of use in soaps, cleaning solutions, toiletries and cosmetics. Other parts of the tree are used for wood, tar and turpentine. It also has a history of use as a scurvy treatment. The essential oil has a strong, balsamic and woodsy scent.


Known as a disinfectant, pine oil has several other properties that make it useful in aromatherapy, household cleaning and in topical applications. The oil’s other properties include antimicrobial, anti neuralgic, anti-infectious, bactericidal, antiviral and antiseptic. It is also an insecticide, diuretic, stimulant, expectorant, deodorant and restorative. Pine oil blends well with several other essential oils. It can be combined with spruce, peppermint, rosemary and geranium to treat fatigue. You can also blend it with lavender, tea tree, ravensara, grapefruit, sandalwood, lemon and other oils. When using pine oil, people dilute it into a carrier oil, water, or other material.


Pine Essential Oil

Pine essential oil has several uses. The University of Maryland Medical Center cites a study where a component of the oil was used successfully in treating chronic bronchitis. Other than its medicinal value, pine oil is an effective additive to cleaners and has shown promise in the removal of insect infestations, such as bed bugs. The oil can also treat several health conditions and symptoms, including the following:

  • respiratory problems, including colds, coughs bronchitis and asthma
  • influenza
  • rheumatism
  • arthritis
  • fatigue
  • gout
  • muscle pains and aches
  • poor circulation
  • bladder and kidney issues, including urinary infections
  • excessive perspiration
  • lice
  • mental and nervous exhaustion
  • stress related conditions
  • sore throat
  • scabies


The strong characteristics of pine oil means you should not use it undiluted. Pine oil is for external use only—never take it internally. Pregnant women should avoid using pine oil. Anyone with conditions the oil might affect should seek the advice of a health care provider. Please read the disclaimer before attempting to use any alternative treatment, including aromatherapy. When purchasing essential oils, always use a reputable supplier to ensure the quality and proper labeling.


“The Complete Book of Essential Oils & Aromatherapy”; Valerie Ann Worwood

University of Maryland Medical Center: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

University of Minnesota: Aromatherapy

Pine Essential Oil

Aromatherapy–Essential Oils for Health and Wellness

Images from Wikimedia Commons

Image1: Conty

Image2: Itineranttrader