What is Bitter Gourd? Learn More About Health Benefits of Bitter Melon

What is Bitter Gourd?

Bitter Gourd Vegetable Image

Bitter gourd, also known as bitter melon or Balsam pear, is a tropical vegetable cultivated in China, Africa, the Caribbean and parts of South and Southeast Asia. In India, it is known as ‘Karela’ and is widely grown as an edible vegetable and is a source of food in Asian countries. It grows in hot and humid climates. The scientific term for bitter gourd is Momordica Charantia.

So, what is bitter gourd in terms of taste, color and variety? As the name implies, this tropical vegetable has a strong bitter taste. Generally, the skin is bright green to dark green in color, but turns to yellow when fully ripe. Its warty or bumpy texture makes it look very rough and ridged.

The Bitter Gourd Plant

Bitter gourd comes in various shapes and sizes. A typical Chinese variety is about 8 to 12 inches long, and is pale green in color whereas the Indian variety is less than 4 inches long, but has a dark green color and is oval in shape. Although it tastes bitter, there are various health benefits of bitter melon. It is used to prepare mouth-watering dishes in Indonesia, China and India.

Rich Bitter Gourd Nutrients

Bitter Gourd has a Ridged Skin

Although very low in calories, bitter gourd is enriched with precious nutrients. Bitter melon is a rich source of magnesium, zinc, manganese, and phosphorus. It is also a good source of Vitamins B1, B2, B3 and Vitamin C and also a rich source of beta-carotene, iron, and calcium.

Bitter gourd (cooked or boiled without salt) is very low in sodium, cholesterol and saturated fats. It is the best source of Thiamin, Riboflavin and Folate. It contains polypeptide P, a compound similar to insulin. Polypeptide is suggested as an alternative insulin replacement in some diabetic patients. (Source: juicingforhealth.com)

Bitter Melon Health Benefits

There are many medicinal and health benefits of this tropical vegetable. Here are some important bitter melon health benefits for you and your family:

Improved Stamina and Energy: Bitter gourd has proved to be a best source for enhancing stamina and energy. Consuming bitter gourd daily improves the energy levels and stabilizes sleeping patterns

Great Immune Booster: Consuming bitter melon juice helps the body resist against infection and boosts your immune system.

Improves circulation: Consuming Bitter gourd improves circulation and makes you fit. It is also known to be an effective blood purifier.

Lowers Hypertension: Foods prepared from bitter gourd solely contains zero cholesterol and saturated fats. Consuming bitter gourd regularly lowers hypertension

Bitter Gourd Consumption and Preparation Tips

While there are several health benefits of bitter melon, there are also certain consumption and preparation tips that newbie cooks need to understand. Before preparing dishes from bitter gourd make sure you wash the vegetable thoroughly. Prefer cutting it in half lengthwise and remove any seeds inside with a sharp spoon or kitchen knife. Generally, bitter gourd is cooked in isolation and is not mixed with other vegetables, due to its bitter taste. However, you can minimize the bitterness by peeling off its warty skin and then cook or boil it as you wish.

Limit the consumption to only two bitter gourds a day, as excessive consumption may cause diarrhea and other stomach problems.






Image Reference

1. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bitter_melon_CDC.jpg

2. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flower_of_Momordica_charantia_var.abbreuiata.jpg

3. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Momordica_charantia_var.abbreuiata.jpg


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