Fascinating Facts about Autism Spectrum Disorders

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Autism Spectrum Disorders and Facts About Social Skills

Poor social skills are a well known sign of autism. People may seem to be wrapped up in their own world, or if they do desire friendship, they are clumsy in their approach. Here are some interesting facts about autism spectrum disorders and social skills:

  • Children with childhood disintegrative disorder may repeatedly glance at people and then look away. They may also look through their fingers. Eye contact is avoided and social interaction is limited.
  • People with Asperger’s syndrome may have a desire to interact socially but do not know how to do it. A common problem is to dominate a conversation by talking incessantly about an obsession or special interest.
  • Rett’s syndrome is characterized by poor social interaction and lack of eye contact. People with this condition may not respond to their name.
  • PDD-NOS children may connect with parents and people they see often but find it difficult to relate to peers and form new friendships.

Autism Spectrum Disorders and Facts About Speech Problems

Speech problems are common to all the conditions on the autism spectrum. Some people may be nonverbal throughout life while others may have mild to severe impairment. Read on to learn more about speech difficulties:

  • People with autistic disorder may be nonverbal, or speech may be severely disordered.
  • Asperger’s syndrome is often accompanied by a fairly good standard of speech that is marked by a pedantic style of delivery. The person may speak in a monotone and will avoid figures of speech and sarcasm because they do not understand them.
  • Girls with Rett’s syndrome may start off speaking a few words but normally lose the ability to talk by the age of 3.
  • Children with childhood disintegrative disorder may appear normal up to the age of 2 or 3 but then regress and lose most or all language skills.

Autism Spectrum Disorders and Facts About the Five Senses

Sensory difficulties are common in autism spectrum disorders. The person may over- or underreact to certain sounds and sensations. It is as though sensory input is scrambled by the brain, and what may be normal to most people can be painful and upsetting to them. Here are some facts about autism spectrum disorders and sensory perception:

  • Children with Asperger’s syndrome may dislike messy activities such as gluing and painting.
  • High-pitched sounds such as bells and fire alarms can cause pain.
  • Rough fabrics or clothing with labels and seams may be intolerable against the skin of someone with autism.
  • Certain foods may be avoided as the person cannot handle the taste or texture.
  • Physical touch such as hugs and cuddles may be unbearable and parents are pushed away.
  • Extremes of temperature or pain levels that are intolerable for most people may be perceived as acceptable or comfortable by those with autism spectrum disorder.
  • Children with autistic disorder may seem oblivious to sound and noise.

Understanding facts about autism spectrum disorders can give a person insight into why autistic people behave as they do. Common problem areas include social skills, speech problems, and sensory difficulties.