Bioinformatics – A New Hope for Phylogenetic Analysis

Have you heard of Bioinformatics? Bioinformatics is a science which deals with managing, analyzing and computerizing any collected biological data, or biodata.

Usually, Bioinformatics involves the use of techniques such as informatics, statistics,
chemistry, artificial intelligence, applied mathematics and biochemistry to
solve different kinds of biological problems at the molecular level.  A majority of the research efforts include
gene finding, sequence alignment, protein structure prediction, genome assembly,
and phylogenetic analysis.

Most
of the time, Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Computer Science are
used interchangeably. However, Bioinformatics more properly refers to the
creation of algorithms, computational, and statistical techniques to solve different
practical problems arising from the analysis of biodata. Computation
Biology, on other hand, involves the use of computers for solving biological
problems. A common factor in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology is use of
mathematical tools to extract useful information.

Bioinformatics
is not only about creating a database. This database helps the thousands of
researchers to avoid duplicating work, saving time and energy. Instead, the database helps the researchers to look
into areas that are not clear, or are basic in nature. Thus, a researcher who
finds biodata not available on the database adds to it, and it reaches
the community across the world. It is a typical model of how information is
shared freely and without any restraint, copyright, or trade mark restrictions
or violations. Here, it is very useful for the research about an organism and
finding out valuable information about a particular organism. This field helps
in getting the DNA sequence of organism and further helps in finding a lot of
information based on that sequence. It is also possible to find the
evolutionary relationship of the organism based on that sequence.