Bioinformatics – A New Hope for Phylogenetic Analysis

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Have you heard of Bioinformatics? Bioinformatics is a science which deals with managing, analyzing and computerizing any collected biological data, or biodata.

Usually, Bioinformatics involves the use of techniques such as informatics, statistics, chemistry, artificial intelligence, applied mathematics and biochemistry to solve different kinds of biological problems at the molecular level.  A majority of the research efforts include gene finding, sequence alignment, protein structure prediction, genome assembly, and phylogenetic analysis.

Most of the time, Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Computer Science are used interchangeably. However, Bioinformatics more properly refers to the creation of algorithms, computational, and statistical techniques to solve different practical problems arising from the analysis of biodata. Computation Biology, on other hand, involves the use of computers for solving biological problems. A common factor in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology is use of mathematical tools to extract useful information.

Bioinformatics is not only about creating a database. This database helps the thousands of researchers to avoid duplicating work, saving time and energy. Instead, the database helps the researchers to look into areas that are not clear, or are basic in nature. Thus, a researcher who finds biodata not available on the database adds to it, and it reaches the community across the world. It is a typical model of how information is shared freely and without any restraint, copyright, or trade mark restrictions or violations. Here, it is very useful for the research about an organism and finding out valuable information about a particular organism. This field helps in getting the DNA sequence of organism and further helps in finding a lot of information based on that sequence. It is also possible to find the evolutionary relationship of the organism based on that sequence.