What Exactly is Bioinformatics?

Bioinformatics is a new field of science which combines or melds biotechnology to information technology. It is a profession which pairs biology to computers. This is a rising field where one can match biology with computers, using the processing speeds of the computer and storage ability.

Bioinformatics
uses mathematics, statistics and different computer approaches to solve
biological problems, process biological data, simulate the biological process through human
created software. Many of the biological problems are
being solved by a number of bioinformatic researchers. This field affords vast scope for
those who can match their academic skills with software skills. If they have a
background in each of the subjects, then the gates are wide open.

Many
computer algorithms are generated based upon the data using mathematical
expressions and computer logics. Digitalizing the biological science is what we
define Bioinformatics as. Nowadays it has become a great field and it has
created a boom in the field of biotechnology. Many biotechnologists use the
help of bioinformaticians and bioinformatiscists to solve their problems.

Bioinformatics
also help in diagnosis of many diseases. It has been made easy with the advent
of genomics and proteomics. Once after the completion of human genome project,
it has become a great asset for the medical fraternity to compare the human DNA
sequence with other sequences, diagnose a disease more accurately, and also
target drug or interventions through medication or surgery.

Drug
design is one of the major thrust areas of bioinformatics. This relationship
between pharmacy and bioinformatics has given rise to a special field known as
pharmaco-informatics. With the diversity of specialization, especially
micro-specialization, more and more fields are being added to make
use of this latest ‘marriage’ between biological science and computer science.

In
agriculture, as an example of non-human use, this combination has helped
agriculture scientists to design pest resistant and higher yield seeds.

While
there is a debate on genetic engineering, as it is surrounded by controversy,
there is no doubt that the scope of this ‘marriage’ is vast and increasing. The scale of operations of this merger/melding of these two sciences is
raised nearly every day.