Normal Readings of Peak Flow Meters

A peak flow meter measures the rate at which air is expelled from the lungs. Normal readings of peak flow meters depend on a person’s height, age, and sex. Factors which can diminish the peak flow reading include smoking, asthma, and other lung conditions.

Spirometer Versus Peak Flow Meter

There are several diagnostic tools that assess how well the lungs function including a spirometer and peak flow meter. When comparing the spirometer versus peak flow meter, it is important to consider the size, cost, and function of each device.

C3R Procedure for Keratoconus

C3R is a medical procedure used to treat keratoconus, which is an eye condition characterized by a bulging cornea. C3R stands for corneal collagen crosslinking with riboflavin, and the C3R procedure for keratoconus lasts about one hour. The result is a stronger cornea that resists bulging.

Documentation of Pressure Ulcer Treatment

It is very important for the medical staff at hospitals and nursing homes to keep up-to-date documentation of pressure ulcer treatment given to patients. During the evaluation, medical personnel should determine the stage of the pressure ulcer, measure its size and describe the exudate.

Stage IV Pressure Ulcer

A stage IV pressure ulcer is the most severe form of the wound, as it has spread to the underlying bone or muscle. Inadequate treatment of early stage pressure ulcers can lead to stage IV.

Sentinel Node Biopsy

A sentinel node biopsy is a surgical procedure in which the sentinel lymph node is removed. By examining the sentinel node, doctors can determine if cancer has spread from the primary tumor. The sentinel lymph node is the first lymph node that cancer usually spreads to.

Does a Bone Marrow Biopsy Hurt?

When a doctor recommends a bone marrow biopsy, it is common for the patient to ask, “Does a bone marrow biopsy hurt?” The short answer is yes. The procedure requires needles which produces both dull and sharp pains at various steps of the biopsy. There is a risk of complications as well.

Back Pain Between Shoulder Blades

Back pain between shoulder blades can be dull or sharp. It can indicate a problem with the structural features of the shoulder and back region, or it can be a symptom of a more severe problem such as a heart attack or gallstones.

Post Operative Nausea and Vomiting

Post operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a condition that affects a significant percentage of patients undergoing surgery. The type of anesthesia used, the type and duration of surgery, and the patient’s history contribute to PONV. It can be mitigated before surgery or treated afterward.