PET Scan for Cancer of the Bone

A PET scan can be used to detect the presence of bone cancer. A radioactive tracer is injected into the body and a scanner images the emissions. The radioactive material accumulates in cancer cells at a higher rate than normal cells. Learn more about PET scan for bone cancer.

Stage 3 Breast Cancer: Signs and Treatment

Stage 3 breast cancer is an advanced form of the cancer characterized by a tumor and the presence of cancer cells in nearby lymph nodes. Stage 3 is divided into three sub-stages, depending on the location of the tumor and the specific lymph nodes to which the cancer has spread.

Tricuspid Valve Repair Surgery

The tricuspid valve directs blood flow in the heart from the atrium to the ventricle. It can become diseased or damaged with age. Tricuspid valve repair involves supporting the valve leaflets with an annuloplasty ring so that they open & close properly. The latest surgical techniques use robotics.

Cardiac Nuclear Stress Test – An Overview

The cardiac nuclear stress test measures how well the heart is functioning by imaging blood flow to the heart muscle during rest and during exercise. A radioactive dye is injected into the blood stream and a scanner monitors the dye as it circulates through the heart.

Breast Cancer and Experimental Cancer Treatment

Several experimental cancer treatments are tested for their effectiveness against breast cancer. Anti-angiogenesis drugs target the blood vessels supplying cancer cells, and PARP inhibitors reduces the cancer cell’s resistance to chemotherapy. A breast cancer vaccine is also being developed.

Identifying the Stages of Prostate Cancer

There are four stages of prostate cancer. Stage I prostate cancer is microscopic and located in the prostate. By Stage IV, the cancer has spread outside the prostate to the lymph nodes and organs. A prostate-specific antigen test and CT scan help to identify the cancer stage.

Different Types of Chemotherapy Drugs

There are several different types of chemotherapy used to treat cancer. Alkylating agents, antimetabolites, anti-tumor antibiotics, topoisomerase inhibitors, mitotic inhibitors and corticosteroids are different classes of drugs that are effective against cancer.

Pleural Effusions and Ascites in Cancer Patients

Pleural effusions and ascites in cancer patients is a complication that is characterized by the build up of fluid in the lungs and abdominal cavity, respectively. Shortness of breath is a symptom of pleural effusions, and ascites causes abdominal discomfort. Treatment involves treating the cancer.

Early Symptoms of Brain Cancer

Cancer that affects the brain has noticeable symptoms. Some of the early symptoms of brain cancer include increased number of headaches, nausea, vomiting and vision problems. Additional symptoms of brain tumors include speech difficulties, confusion and changes in personality or behavior.

Alternative Treatment for Cancer Bone Pain

Bone pain is a symptom of many types of cancer. Traditional methods to treat the pain may have unwanted side effects or may not be effective. There are alternative treatments for cancer bone pain including acupuncture, massage therapy and herbal remedies.

Melanocytic Nevi and Neoplasms

Melanocytic nevi is a skin lesion or mole that is not cancerous. It is a type of neoplasm that is composed of melanocytes. Neoplasms are an abnormal growth of cells that may be benign or malignant. Melanocytic nevi and neoplasms as a whole should be examined by a doctor. Surgery may be required.