Signs and Symptoms
1) The first symptoms observed in most patients are sharp stabs of pain that increase when one breaths deeply. This condition is termed “pleuritic" in medical terms since it is caused by severe irritation of the pleura (the pleura is the innermost lining of the walls of the rib). It is the pleura which have nerve-endings which sense the pain, lung tissues don’t have these unique nerves.
2) The next symptom is shooting pain which travels from the chest cavity upwards to either the shoulder blade or downwards to the backside of a person.
3) Many patients exhibit a dry, severe cough which is due to the diaphragm being traumatized.
4) Many patients show signs and symptoms of cardiovascular collapse and subsequently go into shock. In such cases this medical condition becomes life-threatening and requires immediate admission into the emergency ward.
5) Other symptoms of a collapsed lung include prominence of the big veins of the neck, the skin showing a blue tinge due to oxygen depletion in the blood, very fast pulse rates and accompanying low blood pressure. At this stage the patient looks panicked and may experience difficulty in clear speech. If this stage is not given immediate medical attention the patient may faint and shock or even death may follow next.
6) The patient shows marked shortness of breath. The extent of shortness of breath depends on how severe the lung collapse is. There is also an uncomfortable feeling of tightness in the center of the chest.