How is female uterine prolapse treated? In most cases all that is necessary is more care to take your of your body. As being overweight, being constipated and excessive coughing can all put pressure on the pelvic floor, it is important to address these factors. Make a healthy, high-fiber diet a priority both to lose weight (if necessary) and to prevent constipation. Stop smoking, avoid second hand smoke and improve your respiratory health with deep breathing exercises and fresh air. Do Kegel exercises to improve the muscle tone of the pelvic floor. Avoid any intense lifting or straining.
If the uterus continues to drop, if symptoms are too much to bear or if you want to have more children, you can talk to your doctor about treatment options. Surgery is a potential treatment for a prolapsed uterus, although it is only used when necessary, such as a severe case, other medical problems or to be able to have more children.
A less risky option is to use a vaginal pessary. A pessary is inserted into the vagina and simply serves as a device to hold the uterus in place. It is made of plastic or rubber and is relatively small — your doctor will measure you to find the most comfortable size and shape for you. There are drawbacks however. Using a pessary can be uncomfortable, they can cause irritation and are not conducive to sexual intercourse. They also need to be cleaned regularly.
Estrogen replacement therapy is a possible treatment option. Estrogen naturally acts to keep pelvic tissue strong, so hormone therapy can at least prevent uterine prolapse from worsening. On the other hand there are side effects of estrogen, such as an increased risk of blood clots, gallbladder disease, and breast cancer.
Female uterine prolapse is not uncommon, and in fact many women will have some problems with pelvic relaxation after menopause, especially if they went through childbirth. See your doctor if you are experiencing symptoms, and both as prevention and to help treat the condition, take care of your health.