Signs of Prostate Cancer
Early signs of prostate cancer in men are normally detected through a rectal exam. A hard lump on the prostate gland can signal the presence of cancerous cells. As the tumor grows, it may press against the urethra and limit or block the flow of urine. Trouble urinating and blood in the urine are possible signs of prostate cancer.
The disruption in the flow of urine may be caused by an enlarged prostate, instead of a cancerous growth. An enlarged prostate can block the urethra and is not cancerous. To determine if the symptoms are due to an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer, more tests are done. A PSA blood test looks for proteins that are present during prostate cancer. A biopsy may also reveal the nature of the abnormal growth.
As prostate cancer progresses, the symptoms increase. Cancer cells can spread to nearby tissues, lymph nodes and other parts of the body causing symptoms like fatigue, weight loss and malaise. The pelvic bones and the lower spine usually become affected first, which will produce pelvic pain or back pain.
The cancer can then continue to spread to other organs like the lungs and liver, which can cause chest pain, coughing or abdominal pain. Jaundice is a rare condition that develops if the liver is damaged severely by cancer cells from the prostate.