How is Preeclampsia Treated?
Preeclampsia is treated based on the severity of the condition. If the mothers blood pressure is only slightly elevated and the protein in the urine is of minimal levels, she is watched closely. If she is past 36 weeks gestation, the doctor will likely induce labor if her symptoms get any worse.
Whem a mother's preeclampsia progresses and her blood pressure rises above a safe level, she may be placed on a blood pressure medication and/or prescribed bedrest or a combination of both. Preeclampsia, generally, progresses as the weeks of pregnancy go by. The obstetrician will carefully monitor the pregnant mother and adjust blood pressure medications and bedrest. The goal is to keep the blood pressure under control and to monitor the protein in the urine as well as other lab values.
As the preeclampsia worsens, more frequent visits to the doctor are required as well as regular blood tests. The baby will be monitored carefully to evaulate growth and fluid levels.
When blood pressure medication and bedrest are unable to keep the blood pressure down or the mother develops other signs that the condition is worsening, the mother will be admitted to the hospital and the doctor may prescribe magnesium sulfate for preeclampsia.
Magnesium sulfate is used to relax smooth muscles.When preeclampsia reaches the severe level, seizures can occur. Magnesium sulfate for preeclampsia reduces the risk of seizures. Magnesium sulfate is usually started and then labor is induced or a caesearan section is performed. It will be continued until 24 hours after birth.