Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS)
EDNOS includes eating disorders such as compulsive overeating, binge eating and rare types of eating such as Pica.
Someone with compulsive overeating has an uncontrollable obsession with eating large quantities of food even when they are not hungry. Those who are compulsive overeaters will either eat small amounts of food continuously throughout the day or they may overindulge at each meal. Psychological and/or physical effects of compulsive overeating include social withdraw, problems with personal relationships, low self-esteem, depression, mood swings and morbid obesity which can lead to hypertension, enlarged heart, further heart problems, stroke, high cholesterol and diabetes.
Those with binge eating disorder have episodes of uncontrollable overeating. The symptoms are similar to those of bulimia and/or compulsive overeating, however, unlike bulimia there are no feelings of shame or guilt regarding their abundant consumptions. People who binge eat do not have a compulsion to purge and unlike compulsive overeaters they do not typically eat small amounts throughout the day; instead they will consume large quantities of food all at once. Psychological and/or physical effects include depression, poor self worth, hypertension, heart conditions, high cholesterol and/or diabetes.
Those with the eating disorder, Pica, have cravings for substances that are inedible including but not limited to plaster, glue, sand, chalk and mud. It is common for women to have Pica during pregnancy, however the disorder does not usually continue following childbirth. Pica is also often seen in those who have a severe iron deficiency and/or nutritional deficiencies. Psychological and/or physical symptoms often seen with Pica include low IQ, disturbance in behavior, nutritional deficiencies, difficulties in social interactions, lead poisoning, malnutrition and human intestinal worm infestations.