If a woman experiences symptoms of uterine cancer, such as unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge and pain in the pelvic area, her doctor will perform a series of tests to check for cancer. Blood and urine tests, a pelvic exam, a biopsy, pap smear, and ultrasound may all be used to diagnose the cancer.
Then, it is essential to determine if it is only uterine cancer or metastatic uterine cancer. To diagnose this more advanced form of endometrial cancer a doctor will perform more tests, basically to search for the presence of cancer cells in the lymph nodes and other organs such as the lungs, colon, or bladder. A chest X-ray, CAT scan, MRI, colonoscopy, and more ultrasounds may all be used.
Another method that is used for diagnosis is to remove the uterus, thereby removing the primary source of the cancer. This serves as a treatment method for endometrial cancer, but it also allows the surgeon to take a look at the extent of the cancer. They can examine the uterus, looking for signs that the cancer may have spread. They can also check for signs of cancer in the lymph nodes and nearby organs.