The Use of Birth Control Pills During Perimenopause
Perimenopausal women may use birth control pills to reduce the risk of ovarian, uterine, and endometrial cancer. Birth control pills also help regulate menstruation and treat heavy bleeding. Among the other benefits of using birth control pills during perimenopause are the following:
To prevent pregnancy
During perimenopause, a woman still ovulates, thus the chance of pregnancy is likely. However, pregnancy in perimenopausal women is associated with a number of risks for the mother and the baby such as the following:
- Premature delivery
- Low birth weight
- Still birth
- Spontaneous abortion
- Chromosome abnormalities and gestational diabetes in babies
A pregnant woman in the perimenopause stage is also likely to have her baby in a breech position, thus delivery is via cesarean section. Recovery during this type of delivery can take longer than vaginal delivery, and cesarean section is also associated with several infections.
Birth control pills taken during perimenopause stop ovulation, thus preventing pregnancy, if taken regularly.
To prevent osteoporosis
When a woman reaches menopause, estrogen production declines. This condition has a great impact on the bones, as estrogen helps slow down the thinning of bones, and promotes bone thickness. Osteoporosis may be prevented by taking birth control pills because of the estrogen hormone that they contain.
To normalize cholesterol levels
The estrogen in low dosage birth control pills causes an increase in HDL cholesterol levels (High-Density Lipoprotein), otherwise known as "good" cholesterol, and they decrease LDL cholesterol levels (Low-Density Lipoprotein) or the "bad" cholesterol. However, birth control pills that contains progestin provide the opposite effect.