Type 1 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes among children. In type 1 diabetes, a person's body stops making insulin or only makes a very little bit of it. The cause is generally unknown. Nonetheless, scientists speculate that genetics are largely involved. They believe that some unknown factor causes the white blood cells to attack the insulin producing cells of the pancreas. Scientist are still finding out how to prevent this form of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes has a number of causes in children. Type 2 diabetes is largely genetic like type 1 diabetes. Kids of parents who both have diabetes have a high chance of developing the illness. However there are other things that you must keep in mind.
Kids consume the most amounts of refined carbohydrates, sugars and high-fructose corn syrup that come in the form of snacks and junk foods. Refined carbohydrates enter the blood stream rapidly, much like sugar, raising one's blood glucose levels to dangerous levels. Overtime, diabetes develops from a result of this. High-fructose corn syrup is strongly linked to the development of diabetes as well. Furthermore, we have a generation of kids that prefer to sit in front of a TV or computer. This all contributes to one major factor that causes type 2 diabetes in children - childhood obesity.
If you were to attribute any single thing to the rise in type 2 diabetes among children it would have to be obesity. One third of the nation's children are overweight. Obesity rates among children have tripled in the last 30 years. The rate at which children are diagnosed with diabetes has gone up in proportion to this. It's a scientific fact that body fat, especially around the midsection, interferes with the body's ability to maintain blood sugar. Therefore the primary prevention in children with diabetes would have to be the elimination of obesity. Obesity in children is usually the effect of the poor dietary habits and lack of physical activity mentioned above.