written by: CatNorth
• edited by: Leigh A. Zaykoski
• updated: 4/30/2011
Understand why hemorrhoids occur and what you can do to relieve hemorrhoid symptoms. Learn about general care and ulcerated hemorrhoid treatment options. Consider ways in which you can prevent the development of hemorrhoids.
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Hemorrhoids are usually caused by strain during bowel movements, which occurs due to constipation, pregnancy and other factors. Swelling from external hemorrhoids is caused by vein thrombosis, and the area surrounding a hemorrhoid is usually very tender and often painful. Bleeding can occur when the overlying skin is eroded. Internal hemorrhoids are more likely to bleed and should be examined by a healthcare provider in case the blood is actually coming from somewhere else in the digestive tract. Ulcerated hemorrhoids that are smaller do not typically require treatment for bleeding, but general treatment and care can help alleviate symptoms. Ulcerated hemorrhoid treatment is typically convenient and easily applied at home.
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Gentle cleansing is required, and soaking in a hot bath at least twice a day can help soothe symptoms and may help heal hemorrhoids, according to Hemorrhoidtreatment.com3. Avoid using soap on hemorrhoids and avoid rubbing the area with a towel. Use a blow dryer to dry the area instead. Also use moist toilettes instead of dry toilet paper after bowel movements. Application of cold compresses and ice packs on the anal area can help reduce swelling and pain. Take over-the-counter oral pain relievers to relieve symptoms.
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You can find plenty of over-the-counter medications for hemorrhoid treatment. Many of these are in the form of creams, ointments or pads that you can apply yourself at home. Keep in mind that over-the-counter medications are not intended for long-term use. This is because some of them contain ingredients like steroids, which should not be used on a continuous basis unless otherwise indicated by your health care provider.
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You can use a variety of natural or herbal remedies to soothe ulcerated hemorrhoid symptoms. Soothe with witch hazel, lavender or chamomile, which you can apply directly to the skin surrounding a hemorrhoid. Consider using other herbs, such as calendula, myrrh and yarrow, which can help soothe and heal the skin.
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Following a healthy diet and exercise program can help improve your overall health. Maintaining health and fitness can boost your immune system so that your body can more easily fight injury, infection and disease. Adding more fiber and whole grains to your diet may especially help relieve hemorrhoid symptoms and can help prevent new hemorrhoids from developing. Participate in daily exercise to help strengthen muscles that support the area where hemorrhoids develop. This can include any type of aerobic or stretching activity, such as walking, dancing or jogging for cardio exercise and Pilates or yoga for stretching exercise. All forms of exercise help build strength that supports the body and all of its parts.
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1. National Center for Emergency Medicine Informatics: Hemorroids