Cognitive Differences in Autism
In the past, there was not much information on Autism, and it was sort of a misunderstood disorder. With more scientific advances, we are now finding out more about autism spectrum disorder through ongoing research. Now, archaeologists are studying autism and population differences in cognition. The Neanderthal theory of autism seems to be a heavily discussed topic. Let's take a closer look at the cognitive similarities of those with autism and that of the Neanderthal.
One of the diagnostics criteria for autism is antisocial behavior, but in more recent years there has been more of a focal point on Asperger's Syndrome in which language is used adequately and there is not much social exclusion. Often those with Asperger's have trouble empathizing with others but are able to predict another's behavior through past conversations that they have seen or had. As the person with Asperger's learns what is acceptable in society, their behaviors are much different from those with out it.
Dr. Temple Grandin was diagnosed with severe autism and has effectively incorporated herself within society. Although Temple lacks empathy and has speech delays, she has consistently worked to improve her language skills through therapy and now is a published author, doctor and speaker at many autism events.
Those with Asperger's usually perform extremely well with predictable system, this why many work in engineering or with computers in some capacity. Their capacity to recognize laws or complex data patterns makes them a very important member of society.