Blood Pressure Readings: Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure
Systolic and diastolic are two measurements taken into account when a blood pressure reading is acquired. Patients will typically hear results as a number “over" another. For example, a blood pressure reading of 130/85 would be verbally expressed as “130 over 85." The larger number represents systolic blood pressure, the force of blood as it is exerted from the heart. The smaller number, or diastolic blood pressure, signifies the amount of pressure placed upon the vessels between heartbeats.
The following highlights four categories related to blood pressure:
1. Normal blood pressure:
Systolic pressure: Below 120
Diastolic pressure: Below 80
Systolic pressure: 120-139
Diastolic pressure: 80-89
3. Stage 1 hypertension:
Systolic pressure: 140-159
Diastolic pressure: 90-99
4. Stage 2 hypertension:
Systolic pressure: 160+
Diastolic pressure: 100+
Diabetes: Blood Pressure Readings
Diabetics with hypertension should aim for a blood pressure reading of, no more than, 130/80. Maintaining such a target reading will reduce the risk of developing diabetes complications. According to Erika Gebel in her article “Tension Mounts: High Blood Pressure", published by Diabetes Forecast in July 2009, “the American Diabetes Association (ADA) defines hypertension for people with diabetes as either a systolic blood pressure of 130 mm Hg or higher or a diastolic blood pressure of 80 mm Hg or more, on two consecutive doctor visits."
Disclaimer: The preceding informative article serves as an educational tool. It should not replace the advice or diagnosis of a licensed physician.