There are four different stages of heart failure. These stages range from being at a high risk for this condition to being in the end stage. The stages include:
Stage A: The patient does not yet have a heart structural disorder, but is at a very high risk of developing this disease. Those in this stage have a high risk due to having coronary artery disease, a history of abusing alcohol or drugs, a family history of cardiomyopathy, high blood pressure, diabetes, or a history of rheumatic fever. Other medical conditions, and lifestyle and environmental factors, can also put a person at a high risk.
Stage B: During this stage, the patient has not developed symptoms yet, but they have a structural disorder. Examples include having a structural heart disease, such as heart fibrosis, previous heart attack, left heart enlargement, or valve disease.
Stage C: During this stage, the patient has underlying structural heart disease and current or past symptoms of this condition.
Stage D: During this stage, also referred to as the end-stage, patients are often hospitalized and will require special treatments, such as an artificial heart, heart transplant, LVAD, inotropic infusions, or hospice care.