This condition cannot be cured, but there are treatments available to help manage the signs and symptoms. Some of these treatments can also help the limit more amyloid protein from being produced. Certain chemotherapy medications, such as Alkeran, and certain corticosteroids, such as dexamethasone, can be used to treat amyloidosis. Stem cells, through a procedure known as peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, can be transplanted to replace bone marrow that has become damaged or diseased. These cells can be the patient's (autologous transplant) or they can be from a donor (allogeneic transplant).
The amyloidosis survival rate is better for patients who have had chemotherapy than it is for those who have had stem cell transplantation.
Treating secondary amyloidosis revolves around treating the underlying condition. For example, if a patient's rheumatoid arthritis caused this condition, they would be prescribed anti-inflammatory medications to help treat the inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis first and then if further treatment is needed for the amyoidosis, their doctor will do that second.
Treating hereditary amyloidosis often involves a liver transplant. This is because the protein that causes this type of this condition is made in the liver.
This condition can also cause a variety of complications so patients may also need to be treated for some of the complications as well. The treatment will be based on the complication, affected organs, and signs and symptoms. Some of these treatments may include organ transplants, kidney dialysis, dietary changes, diuretics, or pain medication.