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Rheolytic Thrombectomy Overview

written by: AlyssaAst • edited by: Leigh A. Zaykoski • updated: 8/25/2009

A rheolytic thrombectomy is performed to treat a condition known as deep vein thrombosis. This condition causes blood clots in the veins and arteries. This medical procedure clears the blockages from the veins and arteries.

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    A fairly common condition for people to suffer from is deep vein thrombosis. This is a very serious condition that requires immediate treatment. The medical procedure that is used for this condition is rheolytic thrombectomy. This procedure unblocks the clogged veins or arteries before further complications can occur. This procedure is relatively simple to perform and is very effective in ridding the veins and arteries of blood clots.

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    Deep Vein Thrombosis

    This procedure is used to treat a condition known as deep vein thrombosis. Deep vein thrombosis is a condition that produces blood clots in the arteries or veins. These blood clots usually occur in the legs. If these clots are left untreated serious complications can occur.

    If the condition is left untreated, the clots can break loose and travel to other areas of the body, usually the lungs. This causes the blood flow to the lungs to become blocked. If this occurs, the condition can become life threatening.

    If this condition is left untreated the veins can become permanently damaged. The clots can cause the veins to swell and become painful. The legs can begin to change colors and even develop sores. Although these clots most often affect the legs, they can occur in other areas as well. The arms and pelvis veins can be affected by this condition.

    This condition has to be treated immediately. The treatment usually begins immediately after becoming diagnosed. It is necessary for a fast treatment because the clots can break free and cause life threatening complications. Certain blood thinners are used until a medical procedure can be performed. Most often the procedure that is used to treat the condition is rheolytic thrombectomy.

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    Rheolytic Thrombectomy Procedure

    For the rheolytic thrombectomy procedure, a catheter for the procedure is inserted into the artery. This shoots a saline solution out through a tip of the catheter. The flow of the saline is a relatively high pressure. This saline solution allows the thrombus to be suctioned out. This effectively clears the area of blockages. This then allows room for a balloon or stent to be placed in the area. This procedure is very effective when used to unblock veins and arteries.

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    References:

    “Interventional Therapy for Coronary Artery Disease" ATS

    “Deep Vein Thrombosis" WebMD.com