Pediatric Asthma Guidelines: Asthma Treatment Plan
The goal of asthma management is to minimize and control symptoms, flare-ups, and the need for medicinal intervention.
Asthma Medication and Asthma Inhalers
Both preventative, or long-term, and quick relief, or rescue, treatments are often used to treat asthma. Long-term medications are taken daily for symptom prevention. One or more of these medications may be prescribed and include both oral and inhalation treatments. Such preventative pharmaceuticals include inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers/inhibitors, theophylline or aminophylline, and long-acting combination inhalers.[6,7]
For symptoms produced by an asthma attack, immediate treatment is required via short-acting inhalers or corticosteroids.
Certain indoor triggers may activate asthma symptoms and attacks, including cigarette smoke, mold, cockroach feces, dust mites, detergents, cleaning products and pets. Eliminating these will aid in promoting a healthy environment and reducing health complications.
- Eradicate any secondhand smoke within homes and cars.
- Remediate any mold in the home immediately and professionally.
- Reduce the risk of a cockroach infestation by placing food in containers and dumping trash out regularly into a tightly closed trash can. Keep the kitchen clean and free of food on the floors and counters. Do not let dirty dishes sit in the sink for prolonged periods.
- Cover the child’s mattress and box spring with an allergy proof casing. If the child’s room has carpeting, use a vacuum with a HEPA filter to keep allergens within the unit. Wash clothing and linens in an unscented/hypoallergenic detergent and use unscented cleaning products in the home.
- Animal dander can trigger asthma symptoms. Pets already residing in the home should be kept away from the child’s bedroom so that he or she may have a dander-free room and have a place to rest and breathe easily.