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Attention Deficit Disorder - Hypoactivity and Hyperactivity

written by: Olive Estrella Coronado • edited by: SForsyth • updated: 8/21/2010

Do you know the difference between hypoactivity and hyperactivity? Students with attention defecit disorder fall into one of these categories. So, what is the difference? Read on to learn more.

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    Hypoactivity Versus Hyperactivity

    Attention deficit disorder comes in two forms: attention deficit hypoactive disorder and attention deficit hyperactive disorder. Both forms have similarities but there are differences between the two. First, let’s take a look at the hypoactive disorder.

    They hypoactive form are referred to as having ADD, or just attention deficit disorder. It is called a hypoactive disorder because people with this condition tend to be inattentive, meaning that it is very hard to attend to tasks. According to webmd.com, they often make careless mistakes, procrastinate, start one activity before completing another, and can be easily distracted. Those that have the hypoactive disorder also tend to be very unorganized and are very forgetful. Now that you know more about attention deficit hypoactive disorder, let’s take a look at the hyperactive form.

    Those that have attention deficit hyperactive disorder, ADHD, not only have the same symptoms as those with ADD, but also have some of the following symptoms (webmd.com): fidgeting, frequently getting up and walking around, can’t seem to sit quietly, and talk a lot as well. Not only are they inattentive and disorganized, but they are quite restless.

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    Causes

    There is no known one cause of ADD/ADHD. Things such as smoking and drinking while pregnant, genetics, and the environment are all possible causes of the disorders. Symptoms of the disorders tend to not be exhibited until a child is of preschool age.

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    Diagnosis

    Diagnosis of both forms of attention deficit disorder is completed the same way. A doctor will need to perform an evaluation of the person in order to determine which form of the disorder is present. A behavior rating scale will be used along with a physical, interviews of the person and parents, and an evaluation of the person’s developmental level (webmd.com.) As you can see the diagnosis of hypoactivity and hyperactivity are done the same way, but what about the treatment?

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    Treatment

    The treatment options for ADD and ADHD are the same. People can take various medications, such as Concerta or Ritalin. If medications aren’t working or are just not for you, there are natural remedies, such as essential oils, vitamins, cognitive behavioral therapy, and behavior modification. According to The Health Center, communication with your doctor is the most important in diagnosing and treating the disorder. Be very open with your doctor and examine all possibilities before making a decision about treatment.

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    What to Remember

    Although there is no cure for ADD/ADHD, with the proper treatment, people have shown to be able to focus and cope with their disorder. The symptoms of attention deficit hypoactive disorder and hyperactive disorder are very similar, as well as the diagnosis and treatment. If you know someone that seems to be easily distracted, they may have the disorder. Again, have a good relationship with your doctor and make sure the treatment works for your child.