Arguments of the Social Construct Theory of ADHD
Social construct theorists accept that the so-called ADHD traits exist in the individual. However, they believe that the boundary between normal and abnormal behavior is subjective and not objective, which means that ADHD is only a 'construct' and not an objective entity.
Simply said, the so-called 'symptoms' of ADHD lie within the range of normal healthy human behavior and are not at all dysfunctional. For symptoms to be classified as a disorder, they need to be maladaptive, which is not true for ADHD behaviors.
In a society which places emphasis on passivity and order, individuals on the active end of the spectrum are seen as problems. A medical label of ADHD helps in removing the guilt and blame from the people who are actually the cause of the problem.
On the other hand, other societies are more tolerant and consider the child as just an 'active child'. Similarly, some societies have a more flexible attitude towards the sitting arrangement of children in school. They even allow movement within the class. So, they may not perceive the inability of a child to sit still as an ADHD symptom.