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Meningioma Symptoms and Brain Cancer Overview

written by: AlyssaAst • edited by: DaniellaNicole • updated: 8/16/2010

Meningioma is the most common type of brain cancer. Meningioma symptoms can be difficult to recognize because the cancer can grow in multiple areas. Learn the brain cancer facts about meningioma.

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    Brain Cancer Facts

    The brain cancer facts about meningioma include that it's the most common type of benign tumor to be diagnosed with. Only about five percent of the Meningioma tumors are diagnosed as malignant or aggressive. Although this type of tumor can occur in anyone, women are more likely to have this type of tumor than men are. This cancer is found in middle-aged and older people more than in younger people. Meningiomas appear on the meningeal surfaces (brain coverings) of the brain. These tumors typically attach to the outer layer of the meninges (dura). The meningioma symptoms of the tumors vary with the tumor location.

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    Symptoms

    Meningioma can affect multiple areas of the brain. One of the areas is the frontal lobe (olfactory groove). Tumors in this area are reported to cause headaches and possible personality changes. Seizures can be a symptom of a tumor in this location as well.

    The tumors can appear on the planum sphenoidate and the tuberculum sella. With this type of tumor, patients have reported progressive vision loss. Headaches and double vision can occur. The pituitary gland may begin to function improperly if there are tumors in this area.

    Meningioma can affect the surface of the frontal, temporal, parietal, or occipital lobes. Many symptoms can be produced from this condition. Patients often experience headaches, weakness, and fatigue. Vision loss, double vision, and seizures can occur with these tumors as well. Patients can begin having difficulty walking, become confused, and experience personality changes.

    The final location these tumors can affect is in the posterior fossa. This is the spot where the skull base ends and the spinal cord begins. Patients can start to experience loss of coordination and difficulty walking. Hearing loss and double vision can be a result of a tumor. Numbness, headaches, and neck pain are common symptoms of this condition. Often, patients report to have difficulty swallowing and urinary incontinence.

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    Diagnosis and Treatment

    Because meningioma symptoms vary, the only way to properly diagnose the tumors is to perform multiple tests. The tests are likely to include a MRI or CT scan with contrast. Visual field tests may be used to diagnose the condition. Hormone levels are will likely be checked. Treatment for this condition is usually surgical depending on where the tumor is located. The Mayo Clinic has multiple locations across the country that are capable of treating this medical condition. They offer many treatment options that may not be available at other facilities.

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    References:

    “Meningioma" mayoclinic.org 2008

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