Mild Autism Therapies
In treating mild autism or any form of autism for that matter, a multifaceted approach is usually employed. Below are some mild autism treatments that consist of therapies to address some of the symptoms.
Communication and Social Skills Training
Also known as Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA), this therapy consists of explicitly and repeatedly teaching the needed communication and social skills to an individual. For example, teaching a mild autism individual how to read nonverbal communication such as frowning, sadness (crying), or anger might involve using emotion picture cards to so that they can learn how to recognize these emotions in others.
Social skills training might involve the autistic person learning how to play a game with others which requires turn taking, learning appropriate table etiquette, making friends (how to introduce yourself to strangers), and other desired social skills.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
This therapy develops skills to help control negative behaviors such as temper tantrums, interrupting, and anxiety. For an autistic child who may tantrum to express when he or she wants a preferred food, the therapist will give the child other tools to communicate their needs such as picture cards and assistive technology. The child is taught how to appropriately request desires without resorting to tantrums.
A person with mild autism may need speech therapy to learn the rules of conversation. Learning how to wait for a response to a question, not interrupting the other speaker, or avoiding engaging in long, one-sided conversations are skills that can be addressed in speech therapy.
Occupational or Physical Therapy
Some people with autism have poor gross (running, walking, kicking a ball) or fine (writing, pincer grip) motor coordination and sensory integration issues (sensitivity to light, smells, sounds, touch). Occupational or physical therapy uses games, sports, and other activities to help strengthen gross or fine motor skills and lessen reactions to certain sensory stimuli.