Inhaled corticosteroids are asthma medications that control asthma symptoms and prevent asthma attacks. This helps people with asthma avoid the need for rescue inhalers and emergency asthma treatment. These drugs work by reducing swelling of the airways. Once you started taking inhaled corticosteroids, your body needs to adjust to them before they provide full asthma control. Several types of inhaled corticosteroids treat asthma symptoms.
Fluticasone, sold as Folvent Diskus or Flovent HFA, prevents the wheezing, chest tightness and difficulty breathing caused by asthma. Doctors usually instruct their patients to use this drug twice each day. You should follow your doctor’s instructions and read the package insert to ensure that you use this medication properly. Clean the inhaler weekly with a damp cotton swab. Your doctor may advise you not to drink grapefruit juice while taking this medication. Side effects of this drug include stuffy nose, difficulty speaking, sore throat, runny nose, headache and white patches in the mouth.
Budesonide, also called Pulmicort Flexhaler, prevents the body from releasing substances that cause inflammation. Because this drug prevents asthma attacks, you should not take it during an asthma attack. The drug does not work fast enough to treat asthma attacks. Discuss this drug with your doctor if you have herpes of the eyes, liver disease, a history of tuberculosis, osteoporosis or any type of infection. Side effects of budesonide include cough, sore throat, nosebleed, nausea, headache, vomiting, runny nose, diarrhea, stuffy nose, stomach pain and sores inside the mouth, according to Drugs.com.
Mometasone, sold as Asmanex, prevents asthma attacks and treats asthma symptoms. It allows someone with asthma to breathe more easily by reducing irritation in the air passages of the body. Doctors usually instruct patients to take this drug once or twice per day, depending on the severity of the patient’s asthma. Mometasone has several side effects, which include heartburn, headache, joint pain, back pain, muscle pain, loss of appetite, vomiting, stomach pain, dry throat, nosebleed, difficult or painful urination, nose irritation and painful menstrual peruids, according to PubMed Health.
Beclomethasone, also known as Qvar, is a synthetic steroid used to treat asthma symptoms. Because it comes in inhaler form, it goes right to the lungs, preventing chest tightness, wheezing, coughing and other symptoms. Doctors have used this drug for asthma treatment since 1976, making it a relatively safe prescription drug. The most common side effects of beclomethasone include throat inflammation, headache, cough and nausea. If you experience chemical irritation, it may cause wheezing or a mild cough. You may also experience hoarseness as a result of airway irritation.
Ciclesonide, also known as Alvesco, prevents asthma attacks in patients 12 years of age and older. When used regularly, it prevents the body from releasing inflammation-producing substances. Use caution when using this drug if you have a history of tuberculosis, osteoporosis, glaucoma, cataracts, throat infection or herpes infection of the eyes. Side effects of this drug include unpleasant taste, hoarseness, itching, skin rash, headache, dry mouth, mouth irritation, stuffy nose, runny nose, sore throat, back pain and joint pain.