Anorexia Effects if Left Untreated
If the body stays in starvation mode for a period of time, if left untreated, even more serious physiological effects of the body occur in anorexics. Here are some of the physical effects that may ensue if treatment is postponed.
If the body doesn't get enough oxygen rich blood, anemia develops. One of the results of anemia is a feeling of always being tired, of having no energy. Severe anemia can actually damage the heart, brain, and other organs of the body. Extreme anemia may, if left untreated over a period of time, even cause death.
Bones may become brittle leading to breakage and injury. Because of the lack of proper nutrition, the body heals very slowly. Loss of bone mass may also lead to osteoporosis. Muscles may become weak and joints may become swollen.
Kidney stones and kidney failure may occur.
The heart can be affected. An anorexic may develop an irregular heartbeat, or arrhythmia, and, in some cases, cardiac arrest. Electrolyte imbalances caused by poor nutrition can factor in here.
There may be damage done to the teeth, esophagus, and or stomach lining. Bladder and anal incontinence can develop due to weak muscles because of the poor nutrition.
Infertility and stunted growth, because of hormone imbalances, may be conditions that develop if the anorexia is left untreated.